The annual meeting of world leaders for the preservation of the environment took place in Egypt from 6 to 18 November 2022. The objective was obviously to respond to climate emergencies and provide real solutions to these major environmental challenges.
Numerous leaders debated for two weeks on the actions to adopt in order to reduce GHG emissions (greenhouse gases) and the effects on populations. The results are catastrophic: global warming, floods, hurricanes, disappearance of animal species…
WHAT IS THE OBJECTIVE ? TO REDUCE THE TEMPERATURE BY 2°C BY 2100
The solutions to this reduction include the development of renewable energies: solar, hydraulic, wind,… A major investment must be made to facilitate these installations and make the world’s populations more responsible.
WHAT COMMITMENTS FOR FRANCE?
We can say that this COP27 is a slight disappointment for France, which wanted more commitments and actions on a global scale.
Our government wants to multiply its solar energy production by 10 by 2050. Moreover, one of the major issues of this annual meeting was the question of “loss and damage” for the most vulnerable countries. To this end, our country would like to organize a summit in Paris before the COP28 in Dubai to create a “financial pact” to help vulnerable countries.
In addition, the government wishes to raise awareness among mayors on ecological and climate emergency issues. Non-compulsory training will be provided to mayors in order to see the consequences of climate change on a smaller scale. This announcement made by the Minister of Ecological Transition, Christophe Béchu, invites communities to learn about environmental issues and especially the use of renewable energy.
Some information on the sidelines of this COP 27:
- – Egypt aims to increase its photovoltaic park from 12% to 42% of solar production. As a reminder, the country has the largest number of photovoltaic panels on the African continent.
- – India, mainly supplied by coal, is in the process of reversing the trend thanks to the installation of huge photovoltaic parks. The Indian government wants to develop this source of energy independence that is solar.
- – A quarter of the energy produced in Europe comes from solar and wind power, renewable energies.